OBJECTIVE–To assess the vitamin D status in homebound, community-dwelling elderly persons; sunlight-deprived elderly nursing home residents; and healthy, ambulatory elderly persons.
DESIGN–A cohort analytic study.
PARTICIPANTS–Of 244 subjects at least 65 years old, 116 subjects (85 women and 31 men) had been confined indoors for at least 6 months,
Context • Use of dextrose prolo . Prolo is defined as injection that causes growth of normal cells or tissue.
Objective • Determine the 1 and 3 year efficacy of dextrose injection prolo on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) laxity. After year 1, determine patient tolerance of a stronger dextrose concentration (25% versus 10%).
Potassium and magnesium deficiencies, particularly those induced by conventional loop and thiazide diuretic , have been linked in clinical studies to an increased frequency in serious arrhythmias and mortality in acute myocardial infarction.
Magnesium repletion has been shown not only to increase magnesium levels, but also to increase muscle potassium and to decrease the frequency of ventricular ectopic beats.
Homocysteine is a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and its thrombotic complications. We have employed an animal model to explore the hypothesis that an increase in reactive oxygen species and a subsequent loss of nitric oxide bioactivity contribute to endothelial dysfunction in mild hyperhomocysteinemia.
We examined endothelial function and in vivo oxidant burden in mice heterozygous for a deletion in the cystathionine ß-synthase (CBS) gene,
BACKGROUND: Female patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at risk for osteoporosis because of gender, immobility, and corticosteroid use.
METHODS: Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry in 80 female MS patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital. All patients completed a questionnaire that included measurements of dietary intake and sunlight exposure.
To define the potential role of subclinical vitamin D deficiency in postmenopausal bone loss, we analyzed the levels of circulating 25- hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in 539 midwestern caucasian women screened for osteoporosis. Low 25OHD (less than 38 nmol/L) was found in 49 subjects (aged 52-77 yr). Women with low 25OHD had a reduced vertebral bone density (VBD),
Because exercise stresses metabolic pathways that depend on thiamine, riboflavin, and vitamin B-6, the requirements for these vitamins may be increased in athletes and active individuals. Theoretically, exercise could increase the need for these micronutrients in several ways: through decreased absorption of the nutrients; by increased turnover, metabolism, or loss of the nutrients; through biochemical adaptation as a result of training that increases nutrient needs;
Objective: To examine the association between plasma vitamin C concentrations and the risk of acute myocardial infarction.
Design: Prospective population study.
Setting: Eastern Finland.
Subjects: 1605 randomly selected men aged 42,
BACKGROUND. An effect of diet in determining blood pressure is suggested by epidemiological studies, but the role of specific nutrients is still unsettled.
METHODS AND RESULTS. The relation of various nutritional factors with hypertension was examined prospectively among 30,681 predominantly white US male health professionals, 40-75 years old,
Although a role for vitamin A in immunity to infectious diseases has long been suggested, only in the last decade have epidemiological, immunologic, and molecular studies yielded substantial evidence for a central role. The recent discovery of retinoic acid and retinoid X receptors has provided a molecular basis for the action of vitamin A and its metabolites at the level of gene activation.