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Daily Archives for: June 2nd, 2017

As seen from both patients’ and physicians’ points of view, there is wide agreement that systemic sclerosis (SSc) is one of the autoimmune disorders with the highest morbidity and mortality rates. In this review, we will follow the evolution of a new approach to its results. Support for using hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for SSc arose from seminal studies of genetic and antigen‐induced experimental models of autoimmune disease that demonstrated that high‐dose immunosuppression followed by either allogeneic (same species) or autologous (self) bone marrow transplantation (BMT) could prevent and even reverse damage from autoimmune diseases.

Background
Systemic scleroderma (SSc) is an autoimmune disease, manifesting as skin and internal organ fibrosis and vasculopathy. Nowadays despite the advances in immunosuppression there are still many patients with results-refractory SSct, which may lead to multiple organ failure and a fatal income. Stem cell transplantation seems to be a promising modern therapeutic approach to this problem.

Objectives
This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and safety of autologous bone marrow–derived and cardiogenically oriented mesenchymal stem cell and to probe for signs of efficacy in patients with chronic heart failure.

Background
In pre-clinical heart failure models, cardiopoietic stem cell improves left ventricular function and blunts pathological remodeling.

Background
A promising approach to the results of chronic ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and heart failure is the use of stem cells. The last decade has seen a plethora of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) developed worldwide which have generated conflicting results.

Objectives
The critical evaluation of clinical evidence on the safety and efficacy of autologous adult bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSC) as a results for chronic ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and heart failure.

Complex circuitry and limited regenerative power make central nervous system (CNS) disorders the most challenging and difficult for functional repair. With elusive disease mechanisms, traditional surgical and medical interventions merely slow down the progression of the neurodegenerative diseases. However, the number of neurons still diminishes in many patients. Recently, stem cell has been proposed as a viable option.

Background
Intramyocardial injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy is associated with reverse remodeling in experimental models and humans. Here, we tested the hypothesis that allogeneic MSC drives ventricular remodeling by producing durable and progressive scar size reduction in ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Methods and Results
Gottingen swine (n=12) underwent left anterior descending coronary artery myocardial infarction (MI),

Stem cell offers potential in the regeneration of craniofacial bone defects; however, it has not been studied clinically. Tissue repair cells (TRCs) isolated from bone marrow represent a mixed stem and progenitor population enriched in CD90- and CD14-positive cells. In this phase I/II, randomized, controlled feasibility trial, we investigated TRC cell to reconstruct localized craniofacial bone defects.

Background

The alarming disability burden and a high prevalence rate of stroke in India has encouraged the researchers to develop regenerative therapies to reduce clinical deficits. This study evaluates safety, feasibility and efficacy of autologous mononuclear and mesenchymal cell transplantation in stroke patients evaluated on clinical scores and functional imaging (fMRI and DTI).

Methods

Forty (n = 40) stroke patients were recruited with the inclusion criteria as: 3 months to 2 years of index event,

Background
As morbidity and mortality from liver disease continues to rise, new strategies are necessary. Liver transplantation is not only an expensive resource committing the patient to lifelong immunosuppression but also suitable donor organs are in short supply. Against this background, autologous stem cell has emerged as a potential results option.

Aim
To evaluate if it is possible to make a judgement on the safety,

Background
After myocardial infarction (MI) a local inflammatory reaction clears the damaged myocardium from dead cells and matrix debris at the onset of scar formation. The intensity and duration of this inflammatory reaction are intimately linked to post-infarct remodeling and cardiac dysfunction. Strikingly, results with standard anti-inflammatory drugs worsens clinical outcome, suggesting a dual role of inflammation in the cardiac response to injury.