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Atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus: Role of inflammation

Inflammation plays a central role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, starting from initiation, through progression, and ultimately the thrombotic complications of atherosclerosis. Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. Hyperglycemia-induced endothelial dysfunctions, along with hypercoagulable potential of diabetes mellitus, accelerate the process of atherothrombotic complications. Therefore, clinically feasible markers to monitor subtle systemic inflammatory burden and specific add-on for the same constitute need of the present day. The understanding of the concept of inflammation in diabetes-accelerated atherosclerosis can be used practically to predict future cardiovascular risk by evaluating inflammatory biomarkers and to design clinical trials making inflammation as a therapeutic target.